Teeth, gums and the entire periodontium are a sensitive system that is particularly sensitive to external influences. In addition, there is a moist and warm environment in the mouth, in which billions of microorganisms settle. Decisive for oral health is less the amount that a healthy balance of beneficial bacteria (important for digestion or the immune system, for example) and pests, which include inflammatory agents and caries-causing bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans. If these are selectively favored due to a very carbohydrate-rich diet and insufficient oral hygiene, the enamel is more and more damaged. Thus, widespread caries, which is also called mouth rot or “holes in the tooth”.
But tooth decay is not the only and not even the most common dental disease. Therefore, she is mentioned in this ranking only in passing. Rather, we want to introduce you to 5 dental problems that dentists often diagnose and educate you about how they develop and how they can be treated.
The term aphthous refers to painful blisters on the gum line, in the oral cavity, on the insides of the lips or on the tongue. From a medical point of view, aphthae are ulcers that can be recognized on a white surface. The small blisters are often disproportionately painful for their size and may also interfere with speech and eating when they appear on the tongue. On the other hand, aphthae on areas that are less mechanically stressed (eg on the inside of the cheek) are generally less sensitive to pain but can interfere with chewing.
Small aphthae with a diameter of less than one centimeter heal themselves within one to two weeks. With larger aphthae and severe cases, however, it may take weeks or months for the immune system to conquer the pathogens.
As a rule, aphthae are treated symptomatically and locally. Surface anesthetics, such as lidocaine or benzydamine, can be applied to the painful area as a spray, gargle or ointment pain and relieve symptoms. Even home remedies such as (diluted) tea tree oil, chamomile, sage or lemon balm (as tea) can be used for rinsing and provide pain relief.
Gingivitis is an acute or chronic bacterial inflammation of the gums. Symptoms include redness and swelling, pain, and increased bleeding tendency. The causes are like caries a lack of oral hygiene and prophylaxis because like tooth rot, gingivitis is caused by bacteria that settle on and below the gum.
In order to successfully treat gingivitis, better oral hygiene must first be ensured by the patient. Daily brushing, the use of Zahnraumraumraum or flossing and possibly a mouthwash are important prerequisites to bring the oral flora back into a healthy balance.
However, often these measures are no longer sufficient, especially if the gingivitis is already advanced and the gums are already retracting. A professional dental cleaning at the dentist, in which tartar and other coverings are thoroughly removed, usually ensures a resolution of the symptoms and a significant improvement within one to two weeks. In parallel, antibacterial mouthwashes with chlorhexidine can be used. If you prefer to do without, you can also use a tea made from chamomile, sage, myrrh or witch hazel.